MAKKAH: Hajj pilgrims streamed out of the holy city of Makkah on Sunday, launching the rituals of the great pilgrimage which Saudi Arabia is holding in a scaled-down form for a second year to ward off the novel coronavirus.
Saudi Arabia is allowing only 60,000 fully vaccinated citizens and residents of the Kingdom to take part, far from the vast crowds that descend on Mecca in normal times, when the ritual draws some 2.5 million pilgrims.
Since Saturday, groups of pilgrims have been performing the “tawaf” at Mecca’s Grand Mosque, circling the Kaaba, a large cubic structure draped in golden-embroidered black cloth towards which Muslims around the world pray.
After that, pilgrims have been making their way to the Valley of Mina, where they will spend the night. “46,000 pilgrims have arrived in Mina,” Deputy Minister of Haj and Umrah Abdelfattah bin Suleiman Mashat told media on Sunday morning.
“The number of women participating in the Haj this year exceeds 40 per cent,” he added. Mina sits in a narrow valley surrounded by rocky mountains, and is transformed each year into a vast encampment for pilgrims.
“Public health teams are monitoring the health status of pilgrims around the clock upon their arrival in Mecca,” said Sari Asiri, director of the Haj and Umrah department at the health ministry. Anyone found to be infected would be taken to isolation facilities, he added.
In the high point of the Haj, worshippers will on Monday climb Mount Arafat. Also known as the “Mount of Mercy”, it is the site where it is believed that the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) delivered his final sermon. Worshippers will undertake hours of prayers and Quranic recitals. After descending the following day, they will gather pebbles and perform the symbolic “stoning of the devil”.
The Haj, usually one of the world’s largest annual religious gatherings, is one of the five pillars of Islam and must be undertaken by all Muslims with the means at least once in their lives. This year’s pilgrimage is larger than the pared-down version staged in 2020 but drastically smaller than in normal times, creating resentment among Muslims abroad who are barred once again.
Participants were chosen from more than 558,000 applicants through an online vetting system, with the event confined to fully vaccinated adults aged 18-65 with no chronic illnesses, according to the Haj ministry.
“I thank God that we received approval to come, even though we did not expect it because of the small number of pilgrims,” said Abdulaziz bin Mahmoud, an 18-year-old Saudi.
Saddaf Ghafour, a 40-year-old Pakistani woman travelling with her friend, was among the increasing number of women making the pilgrimage without a male “guardian”, which was a requirement until recently.
“It is a privilege to perform Haj among a very limited number of pilgrims, “she said. Saudi Arabia has so far recorded more than 507,000 coronavirus infections, including over 8,000 deaths.